Elementary and Early Childhood Education 001 LET Reviewer

Learning Disabilities and Disorders (Elementary and Early Childhood Education Specialization) LET Reviewer 2019. This review material for 2019 Licensure Examination for Teachers (LET) covers various topics in Early Childhood Education such as cognitive, motor, and specific learning disabilities, obsessive-compulsive and post traumatic stress disorders, and others. Try answering these questions and do further research to verify whether your answers are correct. You may also submit your answers to admin@acadshare.com for further feedback.

  1. He is considered as the world’s first psychoanalyst, the creator of psychoanalysis—which is the approach to understanding and treating psychological problems on which psychodynamic theory is based.
    • Erik Erikson
    • Sigmund Freud
    • Jean Piaget
    • Lev Semanovich Vygotsky
  2. This theory highlights how children incorporate culture into their reasoning, social interaction, and self-understanding.
    • Cultural Contextual Theory
    • Psychosocial Development Theory
    • Cognitive Development Theory
    • Psychosexual Development Theory
  3. Which of the following is NOT true about development?
    • Development is a product of heredity alone.
    • Development patterns show wide individual differences.
    • Development proceeds from the simple (concrete) to more complex.
    • Development depends on maturation and learning.
  4. It is an approach in studying young children which is primarily about naturalistic assessment which draws from applied behavioral analysis to describe the environmental situations necessary for eliciting desired behaviors.
    • Topical Approach
    • Ecological Approach
    • Applied Behavioral Analysis
    • Individualized Child Test
  5. Which of these does not fall under Intellectual Rights of a child?
    • A balance of individual, small group and large group learning activities
    • Every opportunity to be intellectually-challenged to progress at his or her own rate and to reach his/her fullest potential
    • Adequate play space outdoors adjacent to the playroom, which has climbing, digging and running space and is aesthetically pleasing
    • An opportunity to explore in depth an area in which he/she has shown a real interest
  6. It is a category of children’s rights where children have the right to an adequate standard of living, health care, education, and services and to play. It also includes a balanced diet, a warm bed to sleep in and an access to scholarship.
    • Provision
    • Protection
    • Participation
    • Affirmation
  7. It is defined as the capacity of a child to undertake work in the presence of impairment.
    • Handicapped
    • Disability
    • Impairment
    • Special Education
  8. It is the inability (reduced ability) of a child to perform normal human motor functions (as standing, walking, using hands, and others).
    • Motor Disability
    • Cognitive Disability
    • Mental Retardation
    • Learning Disability
  9. It is a math disability that causes such difficulties as learning math concepts (such as quantity, place value, time etc.), difficulty memorizing math facts, difficulty organizing numbers, and understanding how problems are organized on the page.
    • Dyscalculia
    • Dysgraphia
    • Dyslexia
    • Dyspraxia
  10. It is the inability to see distant objects clearly, commonly called nearsightedness or shortsightedness.
    • Hyperopia
    • Myopia
    • Blindness
    • Visual Impairment
  11. It indicates that a person has less than 20/20 vision in the better eye after correction (contact lenses or glasses) or a field of vision less than 20 degrees in the better eye.
    • Totally Blind
    • Legally Blind
    • Hyperopic
    • Myopic
  12. It refers to speech and language disorders which equate to problems in communication and in related areas such as oral motor functions. The delay and disorder can range from simple sound substitution to the inability to understand or use language.
    • Communication Disorder
    • Cognitive Disability
    • Motor Disability
    • Hearing Impairment
  13. This anxiety disorder causes children to be “trapped” in a pattern of repeated thoughts and behaviors such as counting or hand washing.
    • Phobia
    • Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder
    • Post Traumatic Stress Disorder
    • Severe Depression
  14. Young people with this disorder are unable to focus their attention and are often impulsive and easily distracted. They have difficulty remaining still, taking turns and keeping quiet.
    • Learning Disorder `
    • Anxiety Disorder
    • Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder
    • Conduct Disorder
  15. It refers to education of students with special needs in a way that addresses the students’ individual differences and needs.
    • Special Education
    • Early Childhood Education
    • Individualistic Education
    • Formal Education
  16. It pertains to a measurable psychological and functional loss of capability in comparison with the normal range of variance among the population.
    • Disability
    • Handicap
    • Motor Disability
    • Impairment
  17. It is the generalized disorder, characterized by sub average cognitive functioning and deficits in two or more adaptive behaviors with onset before the age 18. It also encompasses both a component relating to mental functioning and one relating to the individual’s functional skills in his environment.
    • Cognitive Disability
    • Mental Retardation
    • Specific Learning Disability
    • Communication Disorder
  18. Two years of age are described as “terrible two” by Erik Erikson because:
    • They are inquisitive.
    • They are playful.
    • They are sickly.
    • They are assertive.
  19. It means significantly sub-average intellectual functioning that exists concurrently with deficits in adaptive behavior that adversely affects educational performance.
    • Cognitive Disability
    • Mental Retardation
    • Specific Learning Disability
    • Communication Disorder
  20. This law states that if a response in the presence of a stimulus is followed by a satisfying event, the association between the stimulus (S) and the response (R) is strengthened.
    • Law of Effect
    • Law of Exercise
    • Law of Readiness
    • Pavlovian Conditioning