Impromptu Speech is a limited or no preparation speech in which the speaker is given a few minutes to prepare a short speech on a randomly drawn topic. The speaker usually picks a random topic from an envelope or box. Sometimes, he or she draws three topics, chooses one, and then returns the other two. Each speech should be a fresh, unique, and original presentation which is developed from the chosen topic and prepared on the spot.
Benefits of Impromptu Speech
- Speaks with little or without notice
- Improves oral expression of thought
- Develops confidence in public speaking
- Thinks quickly on one’s feet
- Develops communication and improvisation skills
Impromptu Speech Techniques
- Give yourself time to prepare.
- Decide what your one message will be.
- Feel confident and start strong.
- Deliver slowly with clear transitions.
- Maintain eye contact and focus.
- Don’t memorize, throw in ‘off-the-cuff’ remarks.
- Don’t ramble, stay on topic.
- Don’t apologize.
Sources of Impromptu Speech Content
- Personal experiences
- Your opinions
- Current events
- Facts and figures
- Famous personalities
- Previous speaker’s remarks
Patterns of Impromptu Speech Delivery
- PREP: Point, Reason, Example, Point
- PPF: Past, Present, Future
- AIDA: Attention, Interest, Desire, Action
- CC: Compare, Contrast
- CER: Cause, Effect, Remedy
- BER: Before the event, the Event, the Result (also, Before and After)
- GBI: Good (Pros), Bad (Cons), Indifferent
- 5Ws+1H: Who, What, When, Where, Why, How
Table Topics for Impromptu Speech
Table topics are exercises in impromptu speaking where speakers respond to questions with unrehearsed mini speeches. The speaker picks a random topic or is given a question to answer. The speaker may be given 1-2 minutes to prepare or no time all. The speaker starts speaking for 1-2 minutes and doesn’t stop, till time is up. The speaker stands in front of the audience and answers questions from them. Table topics sessions are often limited to a specific theme.